“Verily, verily I say unto you, That ye shall weep and lament, but the world shall rejoice: and ye shall be sorrowful, but your sorrow shall be turned into joy.” (John 16:20)

disciples confused couple different ways to read this passage death and resurrection farewell discourse ascension and return little while mutually exclusive contradictory both implied primary emphasis joy called to have crucified rise again sorrow turned to joy basis of joy defeated sin and death new creation joy happy pretense suffer pain annoyed happy all the time joy accomplished work of Christ truth of what Christ accomplished analogy passage childbirth Darius Diane new baby Shima joy tired sleep joy underlying another nature of joy ascension with the Father return again groaning with labor pains redemption of the world basis of joy for what Christ has already done and what He will do in His coming again